Schon wieder Freitag, der 13.! Das gab es vor drei Monaten schon einmal und da informierte mich mein tägliches englisches Wort (One Word a Day) über dieses Wort.
– a morbid, irrational fear of Friday the 13th
A Friday occurring on the 13th day of any month is considered to be a day of bad luck in English, German and Portuguese-speaking cultures around the globe.
Similar superstitions exist in some other traditions. In Greece and Spain, for example, Tuesday the 13th takes the same role.
The word paraskavedekatriaphobia is derived from the Greek words meaning Friday, thirteen, and phobia respectively.
Before the 19th century, though the number 13 was considered unlucky, and Friday was considered unlucky, there was no link between them. The first documented mention of a „Friday the 13th“ is generally listed as occurring in the early 1900s.
However, documentation aside, many popular stories exist about the origin of the concept:
* The Last Supper, with stories that Judas was the thirteenth guest, and that the Crucifixion of Jesus occurred Friday.
* That the biblical Eve offered the fruit to Adam on a Friday, and that the slaying of Abel happened on a Friday (though the Bible does not identify the days of the week when these events occurred).
* That it started on Friday, October 13, 1307, the date that many Knights Templar were simultaneously arrested in France, by agents of King Philip IV
People suffering from fear of the number 13 are called triskaidekaphobes. Here are some famous ones:
– Herbert Hoover
– Mark Twain
– Richard Wagner
– Franklin Roosevelt
Every year has at least one (and at most three) Friday the 13th. 2007 has two, the next being on July 13th.
Richtig, der ist ja heute!
Den OWAD-Service kann ich übrigens sehr empfehlen. Man bekommt jeden Tag ein Wort zugeschickt und drei mögliche Übersetzungen. Dann kann man raten und bekommt noch eine kleine Geschichte (wie im Beispiel oben) dazu und auch noch einen Link zur Ausprache.